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Establishing a company in New Brunswick, Canada

New Brunswick is one of the three Maritime provinces of Canada. It is situated on the country’s east, bordering on the Atlantic Ocean on its eastern coast, Nova Scotia to its southeast, the US state of Maine to its west, and Quebec to the north. New Brunswick is the only Canadian province which has two official languages – English and French – an advantage when deciding to establish a company there. Its population numbers a mere 750,000, its capital is the city of Fredericton, and it’s the most populous city is Saint John.

Geographically, the province of New Brunswick is comprised primarily of spectacular wild forests, and alongside urban and agricultural areas there is a relatively long coast. Similar to the rest of Canada, this province is also typified by a wintery-continental climate and short but pleasant summers. New Brunswick was home to generations of indigenous peoples of three central tribes. The 17th century brought with it French settlers, but in 1763 the area was conquered by the British and thus was officiously proclaimed a province, separated from nearby Nova Scotia which was still held by France.

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Four things you did not know about New Brunswick:

  • The New Brunswick area is famous for its lobsters and fine clams, along with an important and well-developed aquaculture for farming of Atlantic salmon.
  • The French residents of the province are termed Acadians for the area of Acadia – the French name given to this region of Canada by its early settlers. It constitutes an inseparable part of the French colonies of Canada, in contrast to Quebec, and here a very different culture developed from those of the other French regions of the northern state. Even the French spoken in New Brunswick differs from the language of the larger Quebec to the north.
  • Tourism in the province encourages visitors to enjoy the full glory of the northern stretches of the Atlantic coastline, wild national parks, river cruises, a wide range of snow sports, picturesque towns, and an opportunity to learn about the Acadians and the indigenous First Nations.
  • The city of Saint John hosts a community of former Israeli citizens, and its rate of developed has increased tremendously in recent years.

New Brunswick’s economy

Local province economy is considered relatively small in scope compared to other Canadian provinces, but is also modern and stable. It includes, among other industries, traditional industries, forestry from its large woodland areas, fishing, mining of natural resources and agriculture (primarily potatoes). In its urban areas you can find a service-based economy with its central sectors of health, education, retail, insurance and developed financial services.

Mellius offers its clients a range of business connections in New Brunswick, providing optimal solutions tailor-made to client needs and type of activity.

Additional information about establishing companies in New Brunswick, Canada:

Type of company
Relevant Companies Law
Canada Business Corporations Act
Law requires companies to provide a local office address
Language of original incorporation documents
English or French
Finance and Taxation
Corporate tax rate
Federal tax: 15% General corporate tax: 12%
Standard share capital
1,000 no par value stock
Office Holders
Obligation to appoint company secretary
Not required
Obligation to appoint local secretary
Not required
Type of entity that may function as company secretary
Obligation to appoint company director
Obligation to appoint local company director
Not required
Minimum number of directors
Type of entity that may serve as company director
Obligation to register shareholders
Obligation to register local shareholders
Not required
Minimum number of shareholders
Type of entity that may register as shareholder
Type of shares
Registered shares
Accessibility of Information
Company registrar
Information regarding office holders is accessible to the public
Annual Assembly and Reporting
Obligation to hold annual assembly
Not required
Obligation to prepare financial reports
Obligation to submit financial reports