Establishing a company in Belgium

Belgium is a relatively small country, with a very advanced economy and economic infrastructure, situated in Western Europe. It has borders with France to the south, Holland to the north, Germany and Luxemburg to the east, and to the west is the coast of the North Sea and beyond it Britain. Its population numbers 11 million, but despite its relatively small size, this country is ranked in the 30 strongest economies in the world. Its economy is diverse, with a stable and booming financial sector, geographical proximity to the European markets, no wealth tax, and additional advantages that make Belgium a relevant and suitable destination for companies wishing to establish a business there.

Belgium became an independent state in 1830, after it seceded from the Netherlands. It is one of the founding members of the EU, and plays a vital role in its management. Several of the EU’s central institutions are located in Belgium (including the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of the European Union). Its currency is, of course, the euro, and its official languages are Dutch (a local dialect called Flemish) and French. Its capital city is Brussels.

  • Belgium is comprised of three regions: the Flanders, Wallonia, and the Brussels Capital Region. The population is also divided into two groups – the Dutch-speaking Flemish, and the French-speaking residents. Although they are united in one country, in recent years there is a growing tension between these two groups, and many in Belgium are striving to split the country into two separate states according to the central regions and languages.
  • Chocolate is an important component in Belgian culture, and even in its national economy. Belgian chocolate is famous for its fine quality and diversity of flavors, so a visit to the capital of Brussels or anywhere in the country is not complete without tasting the wealth of chocolate they offer. 172,000 tons of this delicacy are produced in Belgium each year!
  • Finished diamonds are a central export contributing to Belgian economy. The diamond district is located in the city of Antwerp in the country’s west, in an area spanning a single square mile. Roughly 84% of the globe’s raw diamonds go through the “Flemish Diamond District”, making it the biggest diamond-trading center in the world.

Belgium has a very modern economy, based on an open model that relies on private entrepreneurship. Enjoying an excellent geographical location, and with advanced infrastructure and transportation systems, Belgium has successfully leveraged these and other advantages to maximize its economic benefits. It is a global economy, based on import, export, and manufacture. It exports primarily to European markets, and maintains extensive trade relations with its neighbor Germany. Being a central commerce hub in the European markets, Belgium is a serious option for those considering establishing a company there. As such, its services sector is developed and convenient. Its work force is considered of high quality, and demonstrates some of the words highest productivity rates.

Belgium has an extensive and varied financial sector, along with an organized infrastructure for conducting business – efficient and expedient for company incorporation.

Mellius offers a range of solutions for establishing a company in Belgium, tailor-made to client needs and type of activity.


Type of company

Private Limited liability Company (SPRL / BVBA)

Relevant Companies Law

Belgium Companies Act 1935


Law requires companies to provide a local office address

Language of original incorporation documents

French or German or Dutch

Finance and Taxation



Corporate tax rate


Standard share capital

18,550 EUR minimum

Office Holders

Company Secretary (Secretary)

Obligation to appoint company secretary

Not required

Obligation to appoint local secretary

Not required

Type of entity that may function as company secretary

Individual and/or company


Obligation to appoint company director


Obligation to appoint local company director

Not required

Minimum number of directors


Type of entity that may serve as company director

Individual and/or company


Obligation to register shareholders


Obligation to register local shareholders

Not required

Minimum number of shareholders


Type of entity that may register as shareholder

Individual and/or company

Type of shares

Registered shares

Accessibility of Information

Company registrar

Information regarding office holders is accessible to the public

Annual Assembly and Reporting

Obligation to hold annual assembly

Not required

Obligation to prepare financial reports


Obligation to submit financial reports


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