Establishing a Company in Spain

Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula of southwestern Europe. It is basically a kingdom, and still has a king that serves in a primarily representative role. Its neighbor to the west is Portugal, on its southern border it shares a boundary with the small area of Gibraltar, Morocco and the coast and on its northern borders are France and the tiny Principality of Andorra. In many respects, Spain forms the bridge from Europe to Africa, on the one hand extremely close to Western Europe and on the other hand, almost touching the northernmost beaches of the African continent. Spain also has an outlet to the Mediterranean Sea to its east and the Atlantic Ocean to its west and north, so for many reasons the establishment of a company there provides a range of economic and geographic possibilities.  

The capital of Spain is the city of Madrid where the official language is Spanish. Its currency is the Euro. Spain's population consists of approximately 47 million citizens. Apart from Madrid, the central cities are Barcelona, the capital of Catalonia, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, and Bilbao, the capital of Basque Country. The country's history is long and eventful, including centuries in which Spain was one of the world's strongest empires, a period of civil war, a time of dictatorship rule and finally the evolution to democracy and establishment of Spain as one of Europe's central and most powerful member states.

  • The Spanish national anthem called the "Royal March", is one of the few anthems in the world with no lyrics at all.
  • One of Spain's iconic contributions to the world is the "siesta", that lull in which businesses close and everyone takes an afternoon nap. Today, very few shops actually close during those hours and for the vast majority of Spaniards this is an old tradition no longer observed, so that their work days resemble that of other Western countries. 
  • The Sagrada Familia, the impressive Catholic basilica of Barcelona, is one of Spain's most beautiful and fascinating sites. Designed primarily by the famous Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi, it is certainly a site worth a visit. However, few people know that construction of the basilica began in 1882, and while Gaudi dedicated forty years of his life to its design, it is still incomplete today.

Spain is a full-fledged member of the European Union and so represents an extremely significant element of the European economy. Naturally, it is also greatly impacted by changes within the EU. Per capita income is USD 34,900. The financial crisis of 2007-2008 was a turning point in Spanish economic history, and after fifteen years of above-average growth, Spain suffered a slowdown and then a crisis that lasted several years. The current economic climate is complex, but there are signs that Spanish economy is stabilizing and slowly recovering, specifically evident in the renewed interest of foreign investors in local markets. Despite the upheavals, Spain is still an attractive destination for investors from all over the world wishing to establish a company there.  

Spain maintains a capitalist economy that is ranked 16th in the world and 5th in Europe. Its central sectors are traditional industry, tourism, agriculture and fishing, energy and a developed financial sector that provides the necessary services for businesses, local and foreign.  

Mellius maintains a range of business activities and connections in Spain, providing our clients a variety of solutions for establishing a company there, as well as other business entities, their management and financial options for them.


Type of company


Relevant Companies Law

Spanish Companies Act (Ley de Sociedades)


Not required

Language of original incorporation documents


Finance and Taxation



Corporate tax rate


Standard share capital

EUR 3,000

Office Holders

Company Secretary (Secretary)

Obligation to appoint company secretary

Not required

Obligation to appoint local secretary

Not required

Type of entity that may function as company secretary



Obligation to appoint company director


Obligation to appoint local company director

Not required

Minimum number of directors


Type of entity that may serve as company director

Individual and/or company


Obligation to register shareholders


Obligation to register local shareholders

Not required

Minimum number of shareholders


Type of entity that may register as shareholder

Individual and/or company

Type of shares

Registered shares

Accessibility of Information

Company registrar

Information regarding office holders accessible to the public

Annual Assembly and Reporting

Obligation to hold annual assembly


Obligation to prepare financial reports


Obligation to submit financial reports


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